Building the SQL API

Binary Compatibility With SQLite
Setting Preprocessor Flags
Enabling Extensions
Disabling Log Checksums
Building the JDBC Driver
Using the JDBC Driver
Building the ODBC Driver
Using the ADO.NET Driver

SQL support is built as part of the default build on Windows. For information on the build instructions, see Building Berkeley DB for Windows .

The SQL library is built as libdb_sql53.dll in the Release mode or libdb_sql53d.dll in the Debug mode. An SQL command line interpreter called dbsql.exe is also built.

Binary Compatibility With SQLite

libdb_sql53.dll is compatible with sqlite3.dll. You can copy libdb_sql53.dll to sqlite3.dll and dbsql.exe to sqlite3.exe, and use these applications as a replacement for the standard SQLite binaries with the same names. However, if you want to do this, then any legacy data in use by those tools must be migrated from the standard SQLite database to a Berkeley DB SQL database before you replace the standard SQLite dll and executable with the Berkeley DB equivalent. For information on migrating data from standard SQLite databases to a Berkeley DB SQL database, see the Berkeley DB Getting Started with the SQL APIs guide.


Rename your dlls and executables to the standard SQLite names with extreme care. Doing this will cause all existing tools to break that currently have data stored in a standard SQLite database.

For best results, rename your dlls and command line tool to use the standard SQLite names only if you know there are no other tools on your production platform that rely on standard SQLite.

Setting Preprocessor Flags

By default, Berkeley DB SQL generates each table as a subdatabase in a single file. To generate each table in a separate file, specify BDBSQL_FILE_PER_TABLE in Preprocessor Definitions of the db_sql project.

When this option is enabled, the SQL database name is used as a directory name. This directory contains one file for the metadata and one file each for every table created by the SQL API. Do not add or delete files from the database directory. Adding or deleting files may corrupt the database. To backup just the metadata (schema), make a copy of the metadata and table00001 files from the database directory. Make a new copy whenever the schema is changed.

Enabling Extensions

The Berkeley DB SQL API provides extensions such as full text search and R-Tree index. To enable these extensions, do the following:

  1. Open the Berkeley DB solution in Visual Studio.
  2. Specify SQLITE_ENABLE_FTS3 or SQLITE_ENABLE_RTREE in Preprocessor Definitions of the db_sql project.
  3. Re-build the db_sql project.

See the SQLite Documentation for more information on full text search and R-Tree.

Disabling Log Checksums

You can disable checksums in log records so as to provide a boost to database performance. However, this comes at the risk of having undetectable log file corruption that could prevent data recovery in the event of database corruption.


Note that disabling log record checksums is meant to only be used with the SQL interface. However, disabling checksums for the SQL interface also disables checksums for the non-SQL interfaces.

To disable log checksums, before you build the library edit the build_windows/db_config.h file, and delete the following line:


Building the JDBC Driver

This section describes the steps to build the JDBC driver.

  1. Configure your build environment. For information on how to configure to build Java applications, see Building the Java API.

  2. Build the SQL project in Debug mode.

  3. Open Berkeley_DB.sln or Berkeley_DB_vs2010.sln in Visual Studio. If you are using Java 1.6, do the following:

    • In the Solution Explorer, right-click the db_sql_jdbc project and select properties.

    • In the Configuration Properties -> Build Events -> Pre-Build Event section, alter the command to refer to JDBC2z instead of JDBC2x.

    If you are using Java 1.7, do the following:

    • In the Solution Explorer, right-click the db_sql_jdbc project and select properties.

    • In the Configuration Properties -> Build Events -> Pre-Build Event section, alter the command to refer to JDBC2z1 instead of JDBC2x. Also, remove the option of "-target 1.5".

    • Go to db\lang\sql\jdbc\SQLite, and replace with JDBCDriver.java17, and replace with JDBCDataSource.java17.

  4. Build the db_sql_jdbc project in Visual Studio.

You can test the build by entering the following commands from the db\build_windows\Win32\Debug directory:

javac -cp ".;jdbc.jar" -d . ..\..\..\sql\jdbc\
java -cp ".;jdbc.jar" test3

Using the JDBC Driver

This section describes the steps to download, build, and run sample programs using the built JDBC driver.

Downloading JDBC Sample Code

The download link for JDBC sample code is available on the Oracle Technology Network (OTN) . You can identify the link by the "JDBC programming examples from all three editions (ZIP format)" text beside it.

Modifying Sample Code

Before running the sample code, do the following:

  1. Unzip the file containing the sample code to a new directory (for example, jdbc_ex).
  2. Substitute jdbc:sqlite:/<db-file-name> for the generic JDBC URL that appears in the code. That is, put jdbc:sqlite:/<db-file-name> between the quotation marks in the line:

    String url = "jdbc:mySubprotocol:myDataSource";

    Note: The <db-file-name> can either be an absolute path name like "D:\\jdbc_ex_db\\myDataSource", or a relative path-file-name like "..\\jdbc_ex_db\myDataSource", or a file name, like "myDataSource", in which the database file will be stored at the current directory.

  3. Substitute SQLite.JDBCDriver for myDriver.ClassName in the line: Class.forName("myDriver.ClassName");
  4. Substitute the username and password you use for your database in the following: "myLogin", "myPassword".

    This is optional.

  5. If your JDK version is above 1.5, change the variable name enum in to some other variable name because, as of JDK release 5 enum is a keyword and can not be used as an identifier.

Building and Running the JDBC Sample code

See Building the JDBC Driver for instructions about building JDBC driver.

To build and run the JDBC examples do the following:

  1. In the db\build_windows\Win32\Debug directory, run following commands:
        $ javac -classpath ".;jdbc.jar" -d . \path\to\jdbc_ex\*.java
        $ java  -classpath ".;jdbc.jar" <ClassName, eg. CreateCoffees>
  2. After you run the CreateCoffees example, use the dbsql executable to open the myDataSource database file and check if the table COFFEES has been successfully created in the database.
        $ dbsql myDataSourcedbsql> .tables
        dbsql> .dump
        PRAGMA foreign_keys=OFF;
        CREATE TABLE COFFEES (COF_NAME varchar(32),/
        SUP_ID int, PRICE float, SALES int, TOTAL int);
  3. Repeat step 2 to run other examples.

    Note: Some examples like AutoGenKeys are not yet supported by BDB JDBC driver. The SQLFeatureNotSupportedException is displayed for those unsupported examples.

Building the ODBC Driver

This section describes the steps required to build the ODBC driver.

Configuring Your System

To configure your system prior to building the ODBC driver, do the following:

  1. Download and install the latest SQLite ODBC driver Windows installer package for 32 bit Windows or 64 bit Windows.
  2. Download and install the latest Microsoft Data Access Components (MDAC) SDK . The MDAC SDK is only required for testing the installation.

Building the Library

  1. Build the SQL project in Release mode. See Building the SQL API.
  2. Open Visual Studio.
  3. Load the Berkeley_DB solution file into Visual Studio.
  4. Set the build target to Release
  5. Build the solution.
  6. Select File -> Add -> Existing Project.
  7. Select build_windows.
  8. Select the appropriate directory for your compiler: VS8 or VS10.
  9. Select db_sql_odbc.vcproj and add it to the Berkeley_DB solution. This adds the db_sql_odbc Visual Studio project to the Berkeley_DB solution file.
  10. Build the db_sql_odbc project. This can be done by right-clicking the db_sql_odbc project in the project explorer panel, and selecting build.

The sqlite3odbc.dll, libdb_sql53.dll and libdb53.dll files are now built.

Installing the Library

Copy the dll files built in the Building the Library section to the Windows system folder.

The Windows system folder is different on different systems, but is often C:\WINDOWS\System32.

Testing the ODBC Install

The steps to verify that the installed driver works are as follows:

  1. Open the Unicode ODBCTest application. On Windows XP: Windows start -> Microsoft Data Access SDK 2.8 -> ODBCTest (Unicode, x86).
  2. Select the Conn -> Full Connect... menu item.
  3. Select SQLite3 Datasource and click OK.
  4. Select the Stmt -> SQLExecDirect... menu item.
  5. Enter CREATE TABLE t1(x); in the Statement text box and click OK.
  6. Verify that no error messages were output to the error window.

Using the ADO.NET Driver

Go to the Oracle Berkeley DB download page, and download the ADO.NET package. Build the package by following the instructions included in the package.